Over the past 30 years the world has witnessed a reduction of about 60 per cent in child mortality
In 1990, 1 in 11 children did not reach age 5, now, the ratio is 1 in 26. One of the greatest achievements is a massive growth in primary education, the percentage of children out of school dropped from 15% in 2000 to 8% in 2018. These are some of the results published in the new Unicef report “For every child, every right”, delivered on the 30th anniversary of the “Convention on the Rights of the Child”.
Despite these positive results, many children remain vulnerable. More than one in four children live in a Country affected by conflict or disaster. The number of verified grave violations against children in conflict has nearly tripled since 2010. Children younger than age 5 in countries experiencing protracted conflict are 20 times more likely to die from causes linked to unsafe water and sanitation than from direct violence. Climate change will threat water, food and sanitation access, and transform disease environments, likely expanding the suitable habitat for mosquitoes that transmit malaria, dengue fever and yellow fever, for example. In 2017, malaria alone accounted for 266,000 deaths of children under age 5 despite widespread prevention efforts. Forced migrations are likely to increase. Refugee children forced from their homes are five times more likely to be out of school than other children. Even when governments devote ample resources to promoting and protecting children’s rights, they often fall short of providing full coverage to all children under their jurisdiction – such as those who are on the move as migrants, internally displaced persons or refugees